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Rear-End Collision and Blind Spot Reduced Autonomous Vehicles Using Sensors and Cameras

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Vehicle safety enhancing technologies for future autonomous driving vehicles using infrared sensors and stereo USB video class (UVC) cameras are presented. Among safety functions for future autonomous vehicles, we consider three of the most important safety functions: safety distance between vehicles (B), observance of traffic lights at intersections (I) and reduction in blind spots on turns (T). The BIT functions are presented to a driver (or driverless vehicle) and initiate automatic safety assurance operations if necessary, while monitoring the vehicle. With the help of LEDs and photo sensors as well as detection of any obstacles on turning, the BIT successfully detects traffic lights ahead of intersections and also ensures the protection against rear-end collision. These three unique safety enhancing technologies are developed and verified, in terms of accuracy and reliability over various driving scenarios.


Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 2015

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