Research Progress of Tissue-Engineered Cartilage in Repairing Cartilage Defects
Due to the unsatisfactory outcome of current clinical treatment, tissue engineering technology has become a promising approach for the treatment of cartilage defects. Typical cartilage tissue engineering uses seed cells that have been expanded in vitro to implant into various biomaterial scaffolds that are biocompatible and are gradually degraded and absorbed in the body, with or without physical/chemical factors mimicking the cartilage microenvironment, to regenerate cartilage tissue with similar biochemical and biomechanical properties to natural cartilage tissue. Therefore, we summarise the three aspects of seed cells, biological scaffolds, and factors/signals.
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Document Type: Review Article
Publication date: January 1, 2020
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- Science of Advanced Materials (SAM) is an interdisciplinary peer-reviewed journal consolidating research activities in all aspects of advanced materials in the fields of science, engineering and medicine into a single and unique reference source. SAM provides the means for materials scientists, chemists, physicists, biologists, engineers, ceramicists, metallurgists, theoreticians and technocrats to publish original research articles as reviews with author's photo and short biography, full research articles and communications of important new scientific and technological findings, encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all latest aspects of advanced materials.
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