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Characterisation and Cytotoxicity Assessment of UV Absorbers-Intercalated Zinc/Aluminium-Layered Double Hydroxides on Dermal Fibroblast Cells

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Zn/Al-layered double hydroxide (LDH) was used as a host to intercalate various organic ultraviolet (UV) radiation absorbers. The intercalation compounds were prepared via the co-precipitation method. Powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) confirmed the successful intercalation of anions into the interlayer regions of the LDH nanocomposites. As a result of intercalation, the resulting nanocomposites loaded with UV-ray absorbers, cinnamic acid (CA), benzophenone 4 (B4) and Eusolex®232 (EUS)—exhibited basal spacings of 17.9 Å, 21.3 Å and 21.0 Å, respectively. Photochemical analysis revealed an increase in the UV-ray absorption capability of UV absorber/LDH nanocomposites compared to pure UV-ray absorbers. The retention ability of the organic moieties in the LDH host was tested in a skin pH simulation and was found to demonstrate low release over an extended period of time. Cytotoxicity findings indicated that none of the nanocomposites exhibit significant cytotoxicity towards human dermal fibroblast (HDF) cells up to the test concentration of 25 μg/mL.

Keywords: INTERCALATION; LAYERED DOUBLE HYDROXIDE; NANOCOMPOSITE; OPTICAL PROPERTIES; UV-RAY ABSORBER

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 2014

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  • Science of Advanced Materials (SAM) is an interdisciplinary peer-reviewed journal consolidating research activities in all aspects of advanced materials in the fields of science, engineering and medicine into a single and unique reference source. SAM provides the means for materials scientists, chemists, physicists, biologists, engineers, ceramicists, metallurgists, theoreticians and technocrats to publish original research articles as reviews with author's photo and short biography, full research articles and communications of important new scientific and technological findings, encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all latest aspects of advanced materials.
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