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Open Access A Novel Coordinate Rotation Digital Computer Method for Energy and Latency Saving by Trigonometric Operations Spatial Locality Principle

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In this work, we propose an approximate and energy-efficient CORDIC method, based on a trigonometric function spatial locality principle derived from benchmarks profiling. Successive sine/cosine computation requests cover more than 50% when the absolute phase difference is at most ten degrees. Consequently, this property suggests an optimized circuit implementation, both iterative or a succession of microrotation modules, where the last CORDIC requires fewer iterations, reducing the latency and the total energy budget at the same precision of two separate and independent instances. Thus, this simple design strategy allows significant area and energy dissipation in general-purpose VLSI architectures, but it introduces also dramatically optimizations in applicationspecific embedded systems used in the area of signal processing and radio frequency communication. In this contribution, we introduce a method, the hardware overhead and the energy budget per single cycle. Simulation results show the total energy saving in considered benchmarks is 40% in pipelined and iterative general purposes CORDIC. Furthermore, our application-specific systems (fast Fourier transform and digital oscillators for radiofrequency down conversions) show remarkable cycle savings when the successive sine/cosine computation requests are more than 70%. Finally, in this work, we extend the proposed approach to whichever phase difference less than 26.56° , as a variable for the second CORDIC number of angle rotations.

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Keywords: CORDIC; DIGITAL ARITHMETIC; DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING CHIP; ENERGY ESTIMATION; FIXED-POINT ARITHMETIC; VERY-LARGE SCALE INTEGRATION SYSTEMS

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2019

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  • The electronic systems that can operate with very low power are of great technological interest. The growing research activity in the field of low power electronics requires a forum for rapid dissemination of important results: Journal of Low Power Electronics (JOLPE) is that international forum which offers scientists and engineers timely, peer-reviewed research in this field.
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