Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Nanoemulsion: Synthesis, Characterization and Its Applications

Buy Article:

$106.34 + tax (Refund Policy)

Nanoemulsions (NEs), an isotropic mixture of oil and water stabilised by FDA approved surfactant and co-surfactant molecules have mean droplet size less than 25% of wavelength of visible light. They are homogenous, optically clear solution with high free energy, drug penetration, bio-availability, absorption rate, resistant to enzymatic degradation and hydrolysis can store both hydrophilic and lipophilic drugs depending on the type of NE formed which results in enhanced physicochemical properties and behavioural kinetics than micro/macro emulsions. They utilise only less amount of surfactant and reduce the dosage and frequency of drug. NEs can be prepared by both high energy and low energy emulsification method where former make use of devices to create dispersive forces while the latter makes use of change in parameters that affect the hydrophilic-lipophilic balance (HLB) of the system. Their thermodynamic and physical stability, Critical Micelle Concentration (CMC), Interfacial tension, viscosity, Particle size, electrical conductivity, pH, Scanning Electron Microscopy and Transmission Electron Microscopy are analyzed to make desired NEs that suit a particular application. Nanoemulsion region is determined by construction of Ternary phase diagram. Use of co-surfactant follows Pseudo-Ternary Phase diagram. NEs are used in wide range of applications like antimicrobial, cosmetics, cancer therapy, anti-inflammation, oil recovery, skin permeation etc. Basic researches have to be done to lead to the next level in making many NE formulations to meet human needs of today's world in all possible ways.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: ANTI-INFLAMMATION; ANTI-MICROBIAL; CANCER; CENTRIFUGATION; COSMETICS; CRITICAL MICELLE CONCENTRATION; HOMOGENISER; NANOEMULSIONS; OIL RECOVERY; PARTICLE SIZE; PH; SHEAR MIXER; SKIN PERMEATION; TERNARY PHASE DIAGRAM; ULTRASONICATOR; VISCOSITY; ZETA POTENTIAL

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: August 1, 2013

More about this publication?
  • Bionanoscience attempts to harness various functions of biological macromolecules and integrate them with engineering for technological applications. It is based on a bottom-up approach and encompasses structural biology, biomacromolecular engineering, material science, and engineering, extending the horizon of material science. The journal aims at publication of (i) Letters (ii) Reviews (3) Concepts (4) Rapid communications (5) Research papers (6) Book reviews (7) Conference announcements in the interface between chemistry, physics, biology, material science, and technology. The use of biological macromolecules as sensors, biomaterials, information storage devices, biomolecular arrays, molecular machines is significantly increasing. The traditional disciplines of chemistry, physics, and biology are overlapping and coalescing with nanoscale science and technology. Currently research in this area is scattered in different journals and this journal seeks to bring them under a single umbrella to ensure highest quality peer-reviewed research for rapid dissemination in areas that are in the forefront of science and technology which is witnessing phenomenal and accelerated growth.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more