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Vibrational and Photoluminescence Properties of Composites Based on Double-Walled Carbon Nanotubes, Poly(o-phenylenediamine) and Poly(ethylene oxide)

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Chemical polymerization of o-phenylenediamine (OPD) in the presence of poly(ethylene oxide), double-wall carbon nanotubes (DWNTs) and ferric chloride is carried out in order to obtain composites based on the poly(o-phenylenediamine)-poly(ethylene oxide) (POPD-PEO) fibres covered and interconnected with DWNTs. Vibrational and photoluminescence properties of these composite materials as well as their morphologies are shown by infrared (IR) spectroscopy, Raman scattering, photoluminescence (PL) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). An adsorption of DWNTs onto the POPD rods surface in the absence and in the presence of PEO is highlighted by SEM. The vibrational changes reported by Raman scattering and IR spectroscopy prove a covalent functionalization of DWNTs with the macromolecular compound POPD which is doped with FeCl 4 ions. New hydrogen bonds are generated between POPD covalently functionalized DWNTs and hydroxyl groups of PEO according to IR spectroscopic studies. The two macromolecular compounds, POPD and POPD-PEO, show a complex emission band with maxima at 572 and 566 nm, having a shoulder at 667 nm. A significant change in the profile of the PL bands of POPD and POPD-PEO is induced in the DWNTs presence. We show that DWNTs induce (i) a diminution in the POPD PL band intensity peaked between 525–600 nm simultaneous with the increase in the intensity of the PL band situated in the 600–800 nm spectral range and (ii) an enhancement process of the emission band localized in the 475–800 nm spectral range in the case of POPD-PEO.

Keywords: Carbon Nanotubes; Poly(ethylene oxide); Poly(o-phenylenediamine)

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: National Institute of Materials Physics, Laboratory of Optical Processes in Nanostructured Materials Physics, Atomistilor Street 405A, Magurele, RO-77125, Romania 2: IT Centre for Science and Technology, 25 No. Av. Radu Beller Street, 011702 Bucharest, Romania

Publication date: April 1, 2021

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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