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Label-Free Detection of Ovarian Cancer Antigen CA125 by Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering

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Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) has drawn attention in recent years for imaging biologicalmolecules as an analytical tool due to its label-free approach. The SERS approach can be used in tracking organic molecules and monitoring unique Raman spectra of the organic molecules bound to metal nanoparticles (NPs). In this paper, the molecular specifity of Raman Spectroscopy was used together with self-assembled monolayer of metallic AuNPs as a sensor platform in order to detect CA125 antibody-antigen probe molecules. Highly enhanced electromagnetic fields localized around neighboring AuNPs provide hot-spot construction due to the spatial distribution of SERS enhancement on the CA125 proteins at nM concentration level. Time resolved SERS mapping of CA125 antibody and antigen couples was recorded. Even though blinking behavior was observed for some cases, vast variety SERS signals from CA125 proteins were highly reproducible. Blinking behavior is attributed to single molecular detection. Distinguished feature of SERS mapping images of CA125 antibody and antigen with such a low concentration level is very promising for this technique to be used for diagnostic purposes.
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Keywords: Antibody; Antigen; CA125; Cancer Biomarkers; Hot Spots; Plasmonic Nanoparticles; SERS

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: University of Turkish Aeronautical Association, Turkkusu Campus, Etimesgut, 06790 Ankara, Turkey 2: Division of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal 23955-6900, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Publication date: March 1, 2020

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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