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Enhancing Analytical Performance of (Mg,Fe)3O4/Glassy Carbon Electrodes by Tailoring Chemical Composition of (Mg,Fe)3O4 Nanoparticles

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A series of Mg x Fe3−x O4 (x ═ 0–1) nanoparticles was synthesized in order to prepare novel Mg x Fe3−x O4/glassy carbon modified electrodes. Effects of magnesium content (x) on the analytical performance of the modified electrodes in the detection of gallic acid were evaluated. It was found that magnesium concentration and crystallite/particle size of the prepared nanoparticles play significant roles in the sensing properties of modified electrodes. The increase of magnesium concentration up to the value of x ═ 0.4 in Mg x Fe3−x O4/glassy carbon paste was accompanied by an increase of the corresponding oxidation current of gallic acid. However, further growth of x value caused decline of the obtained oxidation current. An electroanalytical procedure was established, and the analytical performance of the proposed Mg0.4Fe2.6O4/glassy carbon paste electrode was monitored using previously optimized experimental conditions. A working linear range from 1–39 µM gallic acid was obtained with detection limit of 0.29 µM. According to these results, the developed procedure can be applied for detection of low concentrations of gallic acid with satisfactory selectivity in the presence of some common naturally occurring compounds. Experimental results indicate that the developed procedure could be a novel approach in the detection of antioxidant, overcoming some known disadvantages such as passivation, and could be a promising replacement for sophisticated chromatographic methods.

Keywords: Carbon Electrodes; MW Hydrothermal Synthesis; Nanoparticles; Sensors; Structural Characterization

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: The Vinca Institute of Nuclear Sciences, University of Belgrade, Mike Petrovićca Alasa 12-14, 11001 Belgrade, Serbia 2: College of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Pingleyuan 100, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100124, P. R. China 3: Jožef Štefan Institute, Jamova 39, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia 4: Institute of Chemistry, Technology and Metallurgy, University of Belgrade, Studentski Trg 12-16, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia

Publication date: July 1, 2019

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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