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Fabrication of Nanoporous Carbon Materials with Hard- and Soft-Templating Approaches: A Review

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Hard- and soft-templating approaches are one of potential strategies for the fabrication of functional nanoporous carbon materials with desired morphologies and properties. Enormous efforts have been paid for understanding the synthetic mechanisms that strongly influence the materials design and applications. All of these investigations are crucial to encourage the application of hard- and soft-templating approaches for the precise synthesis of nanoporous carbon materials. In this review, we mainly summarize significant works employing different synthetic methods for making carbon materials with various pore sizes and functionalities. The content of the review article contains: (i) Hard-templating synthesis of microporous carbon from zeolites; (ii) Hard-templating synthesis of mesoporous carbon from mesoporous silica; (iii) Hard-templating synthesis of macroporous carbon; and (iv) Soft-templating synthesis of mesoporous carbon. This review aims to provide a detailed glimpse of hard- and soft-templating approaches for future development of functional nanoporous carbon materials.
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Keywords: Carbon; Hard-Templating; Mesoporous; Nanoporous Materials; Soft-Templating

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: International Center for Young Scientists (ICYS) and International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (MANA) National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044, Japan 2: Key Laboratory of Eco-Chemical Engineering, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology (QUST), Qingdao 266042, China 3: Department of Chemical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan 4: Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology (AIBN), The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia

Publication date: July 1, 2019

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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