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Designing Nanostructured Metal-Based CO2 Reduction Electrocatalysts

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Capture and conversion of CO2 into value-added chemicals and fuels is one of the most sought-after hot points at the scientific frontier. Driven by renewable energy derived electricity, the heterogeneous electrocatalyic CO2 reduction has attracted intensive interests because of the easy manipulation and high-energy-density fuels supply. Metals with general abundance and robust ability for activating CO2 have been adopted as the core-atom for developing advanced CO2 reduction electrocatalysts. As the dramatic development of nano-technology, the nanostructured metal-based materials become promising candidates for various catalytic systems. In this Review article, a general introduction and principles applied in CO2 electroreduction are summarized and discussed. Then the proposed reaction pathways of the CO2 reduction were classified and elaborated depending on the products. The state of the art advances related to the nanostructured metallic electrocatalysts are addressed as well. At last, the remaining challenges and further prospects for the construction of new nanostructured electrocatalysts for CO2 reduction and improvement of existing ones have been presented.
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Keywords: CO2 Reduction; Electrocatalysis; Metallic Catalysts; Reaction Mechanism

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Institute of Clean Energy Chemistry, College of Chemistry, Liaoning University, Shenyang 110036, China 2: School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China 3: Material Science & Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia 4: Discipline of Chemistry, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia

Publication date: June 1, 2019

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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