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The Vasorelaxatory Effect of Nelumbo nucifera Spornioderm on Porcine Coronary Artery

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Endothelium dysfunction is a hallmark of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and is characterized by loss of homeostasis. Nitric oxide deprivation, unbalanced production of vasoactive factors such as thromboxane, endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) and production of reactive oxygen species are known as early indicators of CVD. Bioavailability of nitric oxide, antioxidative activity, and regulation of ionic homeostasis are the key targets for prevention of CVD. In this study, we investigated the vasorelaxant action of Nelumbo nucifera extract as well as the underlying mechanism using porcine coronary artery. Vasorelaxant effect of extracts from four different parts of Nelumbo nucifera (flower, leaf, seed, and spornioderm) was tested. Among them, extracts from Nelumbo nucifera spornioderm (NNS) showed the strongest endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation. Vasorelaxation effect of NNS was markedly reduced by inhibitor of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), inhibitor of Phosphoinositide 3 kinase (PI3K) and inhibitor of soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC), but unaffected by inhibitor of cyclooxygenase and EDHF. NNS induced concentration-dependent phosphorylation of eNOS in endothelial cells. Altogether, our study demonstrated that NNS is a potent endothelium-dependent vasodilator, mediated by PI3K-eNOS-sGC pathway. Our present findings showed NNS as a potential herbal candidate for the therapy of cardiovascular diseases associated with endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis.
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Keywords: Cardiovascular Disease; Nelumbo nucifera Spornioderm; Vasorelaxant; eNOS

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: College of Pharmacy and Natural Medicine Research Institute, Mokpo National University, Muan, 58554, Republic of Korea 2: Department of Oriental Medicine Resources, Mokpo National University, Muan, 58554, Republic of Korea

Publication date: February 1, 2019

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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