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Numerical Simulation on the Induced Voltage Across the Coil Terminal by the Segmented Flow of Ferrofluid and Air-Layer

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Nanoparticles and nanofluids have been implemented in energy harvesting devices, and energy harvesting based on magnetic nanofluid flow was recently achieved by using a layer-built magnet and microbubble injection to induce a voltage on the order of 10−1 mV. However, this is not yet suitable for some commercial purpose. The air bubbles must be segmented in the base fluid, and the magnetic flux of the ferrofluids should change over time to increase the amount of electric voltage and current from energy harvesting. In this study, we proposed a novel technique to achieve segmented flow of the ferrofluids and the air layers. This segmented ferrofluid flow linear generator can increase the magnitude of the induced voltage from the energy harvesting system. In our experiments, a ferrofluid-filled capsule produced time-dependent changes in the magnetic flux through a multi-turn coil, and the induced voltage was generated on the order of about 101 mV at a low frequency of 2 Hz. A finite element analysis was used to describe the time-dependent change of the magnetic flux through the coil according to the motion of the segmented flow of the ferrofluid and the air-layer, and the induced voltage was generated to the order of 102 mV at a high frequency of 12.5 Hz.
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Keywords: Energy Harvesting; Ferrohydrodynamics; Magnetic Nanofluids; Magnetic Nanoparticle; Segmented Ferrofluids Flow Linear Generator

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: School of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, Gangneung-Wonju National University, Wonju 26403, Korea 2: Biomedical Research Institute, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul 02792, Korea

Publication date: September 1, 2018

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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