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Development of a Solar Cell Back Sheet with Excellent UV Durability and Thermal Conductivity

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The back sheet is one of the most important materials in photovoltaic (PV) modules. It plays an important role in protecting the solar cell from the environment by preventing moisture penetration. In the back sheet, the outermost layer is composed of a polyester (PET) film to protect the PV module from moisture, and the opposite layer is composed of a TiO2 + PE material. Nowadays, PV modules are installed in the desert. Therefore, methods to improve the power generation efficiency of PV modules need to be investigated as the efficiency is affected by temperature resulting from the heat radiation effect. Using a back sheet with a high thermal conductivity, the module output efficiency can be increased as heat is efficiently dissipated. In this study, a thermally conductive film was fabricated by mixing a reference film (TiO2 + PE) and a non-metallic material, MgO, with high thermal conductivity. UV irradiation tests of the film were conducted. The thermally conductive film (TiO2 + PE + MgO) showed higher conductivity than a reference film. No visible cracks and low yellowing degree were found in thermally conductive film, confirming its excellent UV durability characteristics. The sample film was bonded to a PET layer, and a back sheet was fabricated. The yellowing of the back sheet was also analyzed after UV irradiation. In addition, mini modules with four solar cell were fabricated using the developed back sheet, and a comparative outdoor test was conducted. The results showed that power generation improved by 1.38%.
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Keywords: Back Sheet; Radiant Heat; Solar Module; Thermal Conductivity; UV

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Semiconductor and Chemical Engineering, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Jeonbuk 54896, Republic of Korea 2: New Renewable Energy Materials Development Center (NewREC), Chonbuk National University, Buan, Jeonbuk 56332, Republic of Korea 3: Outdoor Demonstration Test Center of Korea Conformity Laboratories, Seosan 31900, Republic of Korea 4: SFC CO., LTD., Hong seong-gun 32213, Republic of Korea

Publication date: September 1, 2018

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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