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Investigating Self-Centering Capacity of Superelastic Shape Memory Alloy Fibers with Different Anchorages Through Pullout Tests

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This study investigated the pull-out resistance of superelastic shape memory alloy (SMA) short fibers in mortar with consideration of various end-anchorages that provide different anchoring actions. For the purpose, four types of SMA fibers were prepared using NiTi SMA wires with a diameter of 1.0 mm and the following four end shapes: straight (ST), L-shaped (LS), N-shaped (NS), and spearhead-shaped (SH). The straight-ended fiber was a reference with no working on the end, and the fiber with the spearhead-shaped end was crimped to make the end part flat. The fibers with L- and N-shaped ends were bent with single or double bending. The results showed that only the spearhead-shaped fibers showed self-centering behavior because of the superelasticity of the SMA after slip occurred. This paper discusses the reasons that the ST, LS, and NS fibers do not show self-centering behavior and proposes a concept to induce superelastic behavior in SMA fibers in mortar or concrete.
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Keywords: Anchorage; Pull-Out; SMA Fibers; Shape Memory Alloys; Superelasticity

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Civil Engineering, Hongik University, Seoul 04066, Korea 2: School of Materials Science and Engineering and ERI, Gyeoungsang National University, Jinjoo 52828, Korea 3: Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Hongik University, Seoul 04066, Korea

Publication date: September 1, 2018

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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