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Nonstoichiometric Solution-Processed BaTiO3 Film for Gate Insulator Applications

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Solution processed barium titanate (BTO) was used to fabricate an Al/BaTiO3/p-Si metal-insulator-semiconductor (MIS) structure, which was used as a gate insulator. Changes in the electrical characteristics of the film were investigated as a function of the film thickness and post deposition annealing conditions. Our results showed that a thickness of 5 layers and an annealing temperature of 650 °C produced the highest electrical performance. BaxTi1−x O3 was altered at x = 0.10, 0.30, 0.50, 0.70, 0.90, and 1.0 to investigate changes in the electrical properties as a function of composition. The highest dielectric constant of 87 was obtained for x = 0.10, while the leakage current density was suppressed as Ba content increased. The lowest leakage current density was 1.34×10−10 A/cm2, which was observed at x = 0.90. The leakage current was related to the resistivity of the film, the interface states, and grain densification. Space charge limited current (SCLC) was the dominant leakage mechanism in BTO films based on leakage current analysis. Although a Ba content of x = 0.90 had the highest trap density, the traps were mainly composed of Ti-vacancies, which acted as strong electron traps and affected the film resistivity. A secondary phase, Ba2TiO4, which was observed in cases of excess Ba, acted as a grain refiner and provided faster densification of the film during the thermal process. The absence of a secondary phase in BaO (x = 1.0) led to the formation of many interface states and degradation in the electrical properties. Overall, the insulator properties of BTO were improved when the composition ratio was x = 0.90.
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Keywords: Barium Titanate; Cation Vacancies; Leakage Current Density

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: College of Information and Communication Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 16419, Republic of Korea 2: Advanced Technology Institute, Samsung Display Co., LTD., Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do 17113, Republic of Korea

Publication date: September 1, 2018

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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