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Optimization of the Solution-Based Indium-Zinc Oxide/Zinc-Tin Oxide Channel Layer for Thin-Film Transistors

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Double stacked indium-zinc oxide (IZO)/zinc-tin oxide (ZTO) active layers were employed in amorphous-oxide-semiconductor thin-film transistors (AOS TFTs). Channel layers of the TFTs were optimized by varying the molarity of ZTO back channel layers (0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3 M) and the electrical properties of IZO/ZTO double stacked TFTs were compared to single IZO and ZTO TFTs with varying the molarity and molar ratio. On the basis of the results, IZO/ZTO (0.1 M) TFTs showed the excellent electrical properties of saturation mobility (13.6 cm2/V·s), on–off ratio (7×106), and subthreshold swing (0.223 V/decade) compared to ZTO (0.1 M) of 0.73 cm2/V · s, 1 × 107, 0.416 V/decade and IZO (0.04 M) of 0.10 cm2/V · s, 5 × 106, 0.60 V/decade, respectively. This may be attributed to diffusing Sn into front layer during annealing process. In addition, with varying molarity of ZTO back channel layer, from 0.1 M to 0.3 M ZTO back channel TFTs, electrical properties and positive bias stability deteriorated with increasing molarity of back channel layer because of increasing total trap states. On the other hand, 0.05 M ZTO back channel TFT had inferior electrical properties than that of 0.1 M ZTO back channel TFT. It was related to back channel effect because of having thin thickness of channel layer. Among these devices, 0.1 M ZTO back channel TFT had a lowest total trap density, outstanding electrical properties and stability. Therefore, we recommended IZO/ZTO (0.1 M) TFT as a promising channel structure for advanced display applications.
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Keywords: Double Channel Thin-Film Transistors; Indium-Zinc Oxide; Oxide Semiconductor; Zinc-Tin Oxide

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: College of Information and Communication Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 16419, Republic of Korea

Publication date: September 1, 2018

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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