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Photocatalytic CO2 Reduction by Mesoporous Polymeric Carbon Nitride Photocatalysts

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In this paper, a sol–gel derived mesoporous polymeric carbon nitride has been investigated as a photocatalyst for CO2 photocatalytic reduction. Noble-metal Pt nanoparticles were deposited on carbon nitride (sg-CN) in order to investigate the performance of both Pt-sg-CN and sg-CN for photocatalytic CO2 reduction. Physicochemical properties of prepared nanocomposites were comprehensively characterized by using powder XRD, N2 physisorption, UV-Vis DRS, ICP-AES, FTIR, solid-state NMR, SEM, TEM and photoelectrochemical measurements. Compared with pure sg-CN, the resulting Pt-loaded sg-CN (Pt-sg-CN) exhibited significant improvement on the CO2 photocatalytic reduction to CH4 in the presence of water vapor at ambient condition under UV irradiation. 1.5 wt.% Pt-loaded sg-CN (Pt-sg-CN) photocatalyst formed the highest methane yield of 13.9 μmol/gcat. after 18 h of light irradiation, which was almost 2 times and 32 times improvement in comparison to pure sg-CN and commercial TiO2 Evonik P25, respectively. The substantial photocatalytic activity of Pt-sg-CN photocatalyst for the yield product of the CO2 photocatalytic reduction was attributed to the efficient interfacial transfer of photogenerated electrons from sg-CN to Pt due to the lower Fermi level of Pt in the Pt-sg-CN hybrid heterojunctions as also evidenced by photo-electrochemical measurements. This resulted in the reduction of electron–hole pairs recombination for effective spatial charge separation, consequently increasing the photocatalytic efficiency.
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Keywords: CH4; CO2 Reduction; Photocatalysis; g-C3N4

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Chemistry, Technical University Berlin, 10623 Berlin, Germany 2: Institute of Chemistry: Functional Materials, Technische Universität Berlin, 10623 Berlin, Germany 3: Institute of Environmental Technology, VŠB-Technical University of Ostrava, 708 33 Ostrava Poruba, Czech Republic

Publication date: August 1, 2018

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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