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Detonation Nanodiamonds as a New Tool for Phenol Detection in Aqueous Medium

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This paper demonstrates the effectiveness of using detonation nanodiamonds (DNDs) for detecting phenol in aqueous medium. The study has shown that the catalytic effect of DNDs in the oxidative azo coupling reaction (phenol-4-aminoantipyrine-hydrogen peroxide) is produced by trace amounts of iron and copper ions adsorbed on the surface of nanoparticles. The effectiveness of DNDs as a catalyst is determined by the amounts of these adsorbates and can be enhanced by a factor of two by additional adsorption of these ions onto the nanoparticles. A rise in the temperature of the DND-catalyzed azo coupling reaction leads to a considerable (4.5-fold) increase in the reaction product yield. DNDs used to detect phenol in aqueous medium enable a linear increase in the yield of the product of the azo coupling reaction at concentrations of the analyte of between 0.05 and 10 μg/ml. The study demonstrates that DNDs can be reused to detect phenol in water samples.
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Keywords: Azo Coupling Reaction; Catalytic Activity; Detonation Nanodiamonds; Metal Ions; Phenol Detection

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Institute of Biophysics Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Federal Research Center “Krasnoyarsk Science Center SB RAS”, Akademgorodok, 660036 Krasnoyarsk, Russia

Publication date: August 1, 2018

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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