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Tensile, Thermal, Dielectric and Morphological Properties of Polyoxymethylene/Silica Nanocomposites

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This paper presents the tensile, thermal, dielectric and morphological properties of composites based on polyoxymethylene (POM) and nanosilica (NS) prepared by melt mixing method at 190 °C. Based on the torque readings, the processing of POM/NS composites were found to be easier in comparison to only POM. The FT-IR spectra analysis of the POM/NS nanocomposites showed the presence of peak at approximately 910 cm−1, attributed to the Si–O and C–O groups in NS and POM on the POM/NS nanocomposite. The absorption at these peaks increased on gradually increasing the content of NS. Tensile property testing (tensile strength, elongation at break, and Young’s modulus) indicated that the tensile strength of POM/NS nanocomposites increases as the NS content increases from 0.5 wt.% to 1.5 wt.%, and sharply dropped when the NS content was more than 2 wt.%. A similar trend was observed for Young’s modulus and elongation at break of the nanocomposites. The DSC analysis of the nanocomposites showed that the melting temperature (Tm ) of POM/NC composites increased in the presence of low weight % of NS which can be attributed to the interaction between POM and NS leading to the rising crystallinity of all nanocomposites. POM/NS have a slightly higher temperature resistance as confirmed from the TGA analysis and POM/NS 1.5 wt.% had the maximum degradation temperature (T max) value and consequently the lowest weight loss. The dielectric constant of the nanocomposites increased from 3.26 to 3.56, while the dielectric loss tangent and volume resistivity were dropped, corresponding to the NS content from 0.5 to 2 wt.%. The SEM images of POM/NS nanocomposites demonstrated that the NS particles were dispersed relatively regularly into POM with a size in the range of 100 to 500 nm. They were dispersed more regularly into the polymer matrix at 1.5 wt.% NS. Based on the obtained results, the suitable NS content for the preparation of the POM/NS nanocomposites was found to be 1.5 wt.%.
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Keywords: Dielectric Properties; Morphology; Nanosilica; Polyoxymethylene; Tensile Properties; Thermal Properties

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Institute for Tropical Technology, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, No. 18, Hoang Quoc Viet Str., Cau Giay Dist., Ha Noi, 100000, Vietnam 2: Future Industries Institute, University of South Australia, Mawson Lakes 5095, South Australia, Australia 3: International Training Institute for Materials Science, Hanoi University of Science and Technology, Hai Ba Trung Dist., Ha Noi, 100000, Vietnam 4: Institute of Chemistry, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, No. 18, Hoang Quoc Viet Str., Cau Giay Dist., Ha Noi, 100000, Vietnam

Publication date: July 1, 2018

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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