Tensile, Thermal, Dielectric and Morphological Properties of Polyoxymethylene/Silica Nanocomposites
This paper presents the tensile, thermal, dielectric and morphological properties of composites based on polyoxymethylene (POM) and nanosilica (NS) prepared by melt mixing method at 190 °C. Based on the torque readings, the processing of POM/NS composites were found to be easier
in comparison to only POM. The FT-IR spectra analysis of the POM/NS nanocomposites showed the presence of peak at approximately 910 cm−1, attributed to the Si–O and C–O groups in NS and POM on the POM/NS nanocomposite. The absorption at these peaks increased on
gradually increasing the content of NS. Tensile property testing (tensile strength, elongation at break, and Young’s modulus) indicated that the tensile strength of POM/NS nanocomposites increases as the NS content increases from 0.5 wt.% to 1.5 wt.%, and sharply dropped when the NS
content was more than 2 wt.%. A similar trend was observed for Young’s modulus and elongation at break of the nanocomposites. The DSC analysis of the nanocomposites showed that the melting temperature (Tm
) of POM/NC composites increased in the presence of low weight
% of NS which can be attributed to the interaction between POM and NS leading to the rising crystallinity of all nanocomposites. POM/NS have a slightly higher temperature resistance as confirmed from the TGA analysis and POM/NS 1.5 wt.% had the maximum degradation temperature (T
value and consequently the lowest weight loss. The dielectric constant of the nanocomposites increased from 3.26 to 3.56, while the dielectric loss tangent and volume resistivity were dropped, corresponding to the NS content from 0.5 to 2 wt.%. The SEM images of POM/NS nanocomposites demonstrated
that the NS particles were dispersed relatively regularly into POM with a size in the range of 100 to 500 nm. They were dispersed more regularly into the polymer matrix at 1.5 wt.% NS. Based on the obtained results, the suitable NS content for the preparation of the POM/NS nanocomposites was
found to be 1.5 wt.%.
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Document Type: Research Article
Institute for Tropical Technology, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, No. 18, Hoang Quoc Viet Str., Cau Giay Dist., Ha Noi, 100000, Vietnam
Future Industries Institute, University of South Australia, Mawson Lakes 5095, South Australia, Australia
International Training Institute for Materials Science, Hanoi University of Science and Technology, Hai Ba Trung Dist., Ha Noi, 100000, Vietnam
Institute of Chemistry, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, No. 18, Hoang Quoc Viet Str., Cau Giay Dist., Ha Noi, 100000, Vietnam
Publication date: July 1, 2018
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