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Graphene-Pyrene Nanocomposites Obtained Using Azide Chemistry

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In this study we describe a simple and fast procedure for the covalent functionalization of pristine graphene with a pyrene-terminated alkylazide, transformed in a highly reactive radical by thermal activation. The functionalized graphene sheets showed enhanced dispersibility in organic solvents compared to the pristine ones, thus enhancing their solution processability and compatibility with solvents or polymers. The relative improvement of solubility estimated form the absorption spectra was ≈60% in CHCl3 and ≈1200% in THF. The obtained materials were characterized by optical absorption spectroscopy, photoemission spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy and X-rays photoelectron spectroscopy. The presence of the pyrene photoemitting chromophore in the grafting unit allowed to monitor the successful grafting and to confirm the effectiveness of the alkylazide to improve graphene solubility even when present in small amounts on the graphene surface.
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Keywords: Azide Chemistry; Dispersibility; Graphene; Nanocomposites; Pyrene

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Institute for Organic Synthesis and Photoreactivity-ISOF, National Research Council, via Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy 2: Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research, Ackermannweg 10, Mainz 55128, Germany

Publication date: February 1, 2018

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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