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Effects of Electrode Thickness on Three-Dimensional NiCrAl Metal Foam Cathode for Lithium Ion Battery

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LiFePO4 electrodes using three dimensional NiCrAl alloy metal foam of different electrode thickness are prepared. In order to improve the electrochemical and cycle-life performance of lithium ion batteries, it is important to optimize the electrode thickness and mass loading of active material. As compared to those with thick electrode, the cells with thin electrode exhibit high rate performance and cycle-life behavior, due to the shorter diffusion length of lithium-ion and improved kinetic behavior. Also, cyclic voltammetry curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy analysis indicate that the redox reaction for the thinner electrode occurs much faster, and the charge transfer resistance is much lower. The results of same current density (mA cm−2) show that 450 μm-thickness electrode exhibits superior electrochemical and power performance. It is because the 300 μm-thickness electrode which has the lowest mass loading of active material meant that it carried the highest current rate, and thicker electrodes show higher internal resistance and much poorer kinetic property. Namely, electrode thickness and an amount of active material are difference according to the intended use.
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Keywords: Capacity-Retention Rate; Electrode Thickness; Lithium Iron Phosphate Batteries; Three Dimensional Metal Foam

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Research Institute of Advanced Materials (RIAM), Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Republic of Korea

Publication date: February 1, 2018

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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