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Peroxidase-Like Activity of Gold Nanoparticles and Their Gold Staining Enhanced ELISA Application

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We found that the peroxidase-like activity of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) followed the Michaelis-Menten kinetic model and was dependent on environmental pH and temperature, which was very similar to natural Horseradish Peroxidase (HRP). However, unlike HRP, which needs a lower H2O2 concentration with a very narrow range to reach a maximum reaction rate and avoid enzyme poisoning, GNPs have very high activity, even at an H2O2 concentration two orders of magnitude higher than HRP. It was demonstrated that H2O2 treatment could enhance the peroxidase-like activity of GNPs, resulting thus in the activity increase in a circular catalytic reaction by the reduplicative use of GNPs. It was also found that the peroxidase-like activity of GNPs responded sensitively to nanoparticle size and surface modifications. When used in an immunoassay, GNPs were generally conjugated with antibody and blocked with hydrophilic macromolecules to construct a nanoprobe. This strongly reduced the peroxidase-like activity and detection sensitivity of GNPs, therefore, restricting their use as peroxidase mimetics. We presented a novel strategy that combined the nanoprobes with gold staining to expose fresh catalytic gold surfaces and obtained a great increase in detection sensitivity.
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Keywords: ELISA; Gold Nanoparticles; Gold Staining; Peroxidase-Like Activity

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: State Key Laboratory of Bioelectronics, Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Biomaterials and Devices, School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, P. R. China 2: Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food and Drug Administration, College Park, Maryland 20740, United States 3: Research Institute of Clinical Laboratory Medicine, Jinling Hospital of Nanjing, Medical School of Nanjing University, Nanjing 210002, P. R. China

Publication date: February 1, 2018

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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