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Shape Effect of Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering-Active-Substrate-Based Nanoparticles on Local Electric Field for Biochemical Sensing Application

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The metal nanoparticles exhibit different degrees of localized surface plasmon resonance which depends on different type nano-sized structures. In this work, in experiment, Au/TiO2/Ti/Si SERS-active substrate with spherical shape nanoparticles is fabricated by using a hydrothermal treatment process and applied to detect Rhodamine 6G sample. Based on experimental observation, a three-dimensional finite-difference time-domain simulation is utilized to explore the local field distributions. We examine the effect of surface roughness and shape of Au nanoparticles on the enhancement magnitude of local electric field of SERS-active substrates. Besides, different shapes of nanoparticles, nanocages and Au/Ag alloy nanoparticles are also modeled and discussed. The engineering findings of this study indicate that the substrate with roughened surface may exhibit large electric field enhancement; in particular, for the cubic shape of nanoparticles. The electric field enhancement of spherical and cubic nanoparticles could be further enlarged by Au/Ag alloy and Au nanocage structures. The results may benefit the design and fabrication of nanoparticles for various biochemical sensing applications.
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Keywords: Alloy Nanoparticle; Electric Field; Experiment; Nanocage; Nanoparticle; SERS; Sensing Application; Shape Effect; Simulation

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Parallel and Scientific Computing Laboratory, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan 2: National Nano Device Laboratories, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan

Publication date: February 1, 2017

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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