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Tuning the Size of Palladium Nanoparticles in Organic and Aqueous Solutions: Influence of Aminated and Thiolated Ligands

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Highly monodispersed palladium nanoparticles have been synthesized by a two-phase reduction method using two different capping agents, alkylamines and alkanethiols. The influence of ligand type in the properties of palladium nanoparticles have been analyzed in detail by means of several techniques as Infrared and Ultraviolet-Visible Spectroscopy, X-ray Diffraction and Transmission Electron Microscopy. It is shown how the size can be tuned easily between 2 and 4 nm by using alkylamines ligands with carbon chains of different lengths, while keeping up high purity and crystallinity. The transfer of these nanoparticles to water phase has been achieved by the ligand exchange process. In contrast, when alkanethiols are used as stabilizers no correlation between carbon chain length and size has been observed. This distinct chemical reactivity between palladium and mentioned ligands produces some particular electronic and magnetic properties that are analyzed by Electron Magnetic Resonance. The presence of free radicals associated with palladium and capping agent bond has been confirmed. No evidences of ferromagnetic behavior coming from Palladium nanoparticles have been found out in any of the studied samples.

Keywords: Amine and Thiol Ligands; EMR Spectroscopy; Metal Salt Reduction Method; Palladium Nanoparticles

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Dpto. de Química Inorgánica, Universidad del País Vasco, UPV/EHU, E-48940, Leioa, Spain

Publication date: April 1, 2016

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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