Activities of Combined TiO2 Semiconductor Nanocatalysts Under Solar Light on the Reduction of CO2
The materials based on TiO2 semiconductors are a promising option for electro-photocatalytic systems working as solar energy low-carbon fuels exchanger. These materials’ structures are modified by doping metals and metal oxides, by metal sulfides sensitization, or by graphene supported membrane, enhancing their catalytic activity. The basic phenomenon of CO2 reduction to CH4 on Pd modified TiO2 under UV irradiation could be enhanced by Pd, or RuO2 co-doped TiO2. Sensitization with metal sulfide QDs is effective by moving of photo-excited electron from QDs to TiO2 particles. Based on characteristics of the catalysts various combinations of catalysts are proposed in order to creat catalyst systems with good CO2 reduction efficiency. From this critical review of the CO2 reduction to organic compounds by converting solar light and CO2 to storable fuels it is clear that more studies are still attractive and needed.
Keywords: CO2 Reduction; Photoelectrocatalyst; Solar Fuels; TiO2
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Key Laboratory for Large-Format Battery Materials and System, Ministry of Education, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430074, P. R. China
Publication date: April 1, 2016
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