Metal-Enhanced Fluorescence: Ultrafast Energy Transfer from Dyes in a Polymer Film to Metal Nanoparticles
Fluorescence from dye molecules dispersed in thin polymer layers increases by 20–25 times when a silver island film exists beneath the layer. Polymer layers of < 100 nm thick cover the silver island film to minimize emission quenching from direct contact and also keep the dye molecules in close proximity to the metal nanosurface for possible fluorescence enhancements by silver island film. We report an ultrafast radiation process of ∼400 ps lifetime from the surface plasmons of silver nanoparticles observed in time-resolved fluorescence of rhodamine 6G and DCM in thin polymer films coated on silver island surface. The ultrafast energy transfer and fluorescence from metal nanoparticles might be strongly related to the efficiency of metal-enhanced fluorescence.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: February 1, 2016
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