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Enhancement of Device Performances in GaN-Based Light-Emitting Diodes Using Nano-Sized Surface Pit

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We report the improvement in optical and electrical properties of GaN-based green light-emitting diodes (LEDs) with nano-sized etch pits formed by the surface chemical etching. In order to control the density and sizes of etch pits formed on top surface of green LEDs, H3PO4 solution is used as a etchant with different etching time. When the etching time was increased from 0 min to 20 min, both the etch pit size and density were gradually increased. The improvement of extraction efficiency of LEDs using surface etching method can be attributed to the enlarged escape angle of generated photon by roughened p-GaN surface. The finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) simulation results well agreed with experimentally observed results. Moreover, the LED with etched p-GaN surface for 5 min shows the lowest leakage current value and the further increase of etching time resulting in increase of densities of the large-sized etch pit makes the degradation of electrical properties of LEDs.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 1, 2015

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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