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Novel Solid-State Route to Nanostructured Tin, Zinc and Cerium Oxides as Potential Materials for Sensors

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Solid-state sensor nanostructured materials (SnO2, ZnO and CeO2) have been prepared by pyrolysis of macromolecular complexes: PSP-co-4-PVP·(SnCl2) n , PSP-co-4-PVP·(ZnCl2) n and PSP-co-4-PVP·(Ce(NO3)3) n in several molar ratios under air at 800 °C. The as-prepared nanostructured SnO2 exhibits morphologies and particle sizes which are dependent upon the molar ratio of the SnCl2:PSP-co-4-PVP. When a larger weight fraction of the inorganic salt in the precursor mixture is used (1:10 > 1:5 > 1.1) larger crystalline crystals are found for each oxide. For ZnO and CeO2 agglomerates of morphologies from the respective hexagonal and cubic structures were observed with typical sizes of 30–50 nm in both cases for a precursor mixture ratio of 1:1.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2014

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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