Inflammatory and Hyperalgesic Effects of Oxidized Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes in Rats
We evaluated local inflammatory activity of oxidized multiwalled carbon nanotubes in rat experimental models of acute inflammation (paw edema and hyperalgesia) by analyzing their toxicity in non-mesoendothelial tissues. Subcutaneous injection of the nanotubes induced paw edema, that was maximal in the first 2 h after administration at 0.1 mg/kg (43.25±3.8 AUC) and 1 mg/kg (30.1±1.8 AUC) compared to saline (18.32±02.05 AUC). The histopathological analysis showed acute inflammation characterized by vasodilatation, edema formation, neutrophil infiltrate and tissue damage. The nanotubes also elicited hyperalgesic response, seen by the increase of animal paw withdrawal that was maximal in the first 3 hours. The data obtained at the 3rd h was: 75±9.3% (0.01 mg/kg), 58±8.3% (0.1 mg/kg) and 53±6.69% (1 mg/kg) in relation with saline (28±3.5%). In conclusion, the oxidized multiwalled carbon nanotubes elicit inflammatory and hyperalgesic effects associated to severe tissue damage in rats.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 01 August 2013
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