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Detection of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms Using a Biosensor-Containing Titanium-Well Array

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The rapid identification and verification of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were demonstrated using a well array sensor containing anti-biofouling titanium (Ti). Probe single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) was immobilized inside a titanium-well array on amine-modified glass surfaces with antibiofouling behavior via a streptavidin-biotin interaction. Fluorescence intensity changes originating from the hybridization of nucleic acids to protein-bound nucleic acids linked to Alexa Fluor (FL) 647 were observed. The protocol was highly sensitive and reproducible for the detection of DNA hybridization. Significant changes in fluorescence signals were observed when using target DNA with a single base mismatch, indicating that this method is applicable to SNP detection. The microarray technology for the detection of SNPs using anti-biofouling Ti and other methods can be used as a highly sensitive in vitro medical sensor, as highlighted by an increase in genotyping accuracy.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2013

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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