Formylation of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes
We report an improved, elegant method for the covalent formylation of single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) via formyl transfer from N-formylpiperidine, which could potentially open the gateway for more versatile chemical modification of carbon nanotube (CNT) walls than is possible via other reported functionalisation methods. The formylation reaction does not inflict damage upon the pristine CNT structure, unlike the currently commonly used carboxylation route, and involves much fewer steps, and takes considerably less time, than most other reported routes. The modified SWNTs have been characterised by Raman spectroscopy, ultraviolet-visible-near infrared (UV-vis-NIR) spectroscopy and “covalent tagging” with derivatising groups followed by thermogravimetric analysis-mass spectroscopy (TGA-MS). UV-vis-NIR spectroscopy shows that there is only limited disruption of the intrinsic electronic structure of the SWNTs. This is confirmed from estimates of the extent of functionalisation from TGA-MS, which suggest that it may be as low as 2 atomic percent.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 01 March 2012
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