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Synthesis of Capped TiO2 Nanocrystals of Controlled Shape and Their Use with MEH-PPV to Develop Nanocomposite Films for Photovoltaic Applications

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The present study presents the synthesis details of titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles (NPs) of different morphologies using oleic acid (OA) and oleyl amine (OM) as capping agents. Different shapes of NPs, such as nanospheres, nanorods, and nanorhombics, were achieved. In order to develop nanocomposite thin films for photovoltaic cells, these TiO2 NPs were carefully dispersed in 2-methoxy-5-(2′-ethylhexyloxy)-p-phenylene vinylene (MEH-PPV) matrix. The properties of synthesized TiO2 NPs and MEH-PPV/TiO2 nanocomposites were characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), UV-Visible spectroscopy, and Pho-toluminescence technique. Obtained results showed promising properties for photovoltaic devices, especially solar radiation absorption properties and charge transfer at the interface of the conjugated MEH-PPV matrix and TiO2 dispersed NPs.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2012

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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