Tribological Properties of Polymer Nanohybrids Containing Gold Nanoparticles Obtained by Laser Ablation
We have studied polystyrene (PS) + Au particles nanohybrids. Approximately spherical gold nanoparticles with the average diameter of 15 nm were obtained by laser ablation in a liquid environment. Thus any chemical residue on the particles was eliminated. Focused ion beam (FIB) milling plus scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observation show that Au particles are fairly well dispersed inside the polymer matrix, better than when PS is simply dissolved in a nanoparticle solution. The Au particles concentration as low as 0.15 wt% results in dramatic changes in tribological properties, namely dynamic friction and pin-on-disk wear. Both wear and dynamic friction results are explained in terms of high brittleness of PS, abrasion of Au particles against a ceramic indenter, and also effects of density of filler particles in the matrix on tribological properties. Effects of varying normal load on friction are small.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 01 March 2012
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