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Formation of Ag Nanoframes with Facilitation of Dithiols

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Two-dimensional Ag nanoprisms readily formed Ag triangular nanoframes upon electron beam irradiation. Following meso-2, 3-dimercaptosuccinicacid (DMSA) ripening behavior, continuous electron beam exposure transformed a solid nanoplate into a core/void/shell morphology, which then evolved into a hollow nanoframe structure. TEM was used to observe the ripening and etching processes of Ag nanoprisms as a function of DMSA concentration and electron irradiation time. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and FT-IR analysis were conducted to characterize the Ag nanoprism structure and surface before and after treatment with DMSA. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) was used to determine surface chemical compositions and indicated DMSA was adsorbed on the Ag nanoprisms in the form of Ag+–S. Raman measurements provided evidence of a disulfide group on Ag nanoprisms. Similar organosulfur structures such as mercaptosuccinic acid and 2-mercaptoacetic acid were also studied with results suggesting that the two S-H groups of dithiol DMSA played the crucial role in nanoframe fabrication. Using the same strategy with DMSA, the nano-architecture can be extended to 2D nanodiscs yielding nanorings.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 March 2012

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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