Detection of 10 nM Ammonium Ions in 35‰ NaCl Solution by Carbon Nanotube Based Sensors
We fabricated carbon nanotube (CNT) based chemical sensors for marine applications by photolithography process, where the electrodes were insulated by photoresist exposing only the carbon nanotube sensing section (2 μm gap width) for detection of ammonium ions (NH+ 4) in 35‰ NaCl solution used as artificial seawater environment. The I–V curve of the CNT sensor was measured by sweeping the source-drain voltage from −3 to 3 V and the on/off ratio of the CNT sensor was measured to be 20 when the gate voltage was swept from −5 to 5 V and from these results the CNTs were found to appear as a p-type semiconductor. All of the cocktail solutions prepared for experiment were measured to have ∼pH 6 which implied 99.9% of NH+ 4 remained ionized. We successfully detected 10, 100, 1000 nM (0.18, 1.8, 18 ppb) concentration of NH+ 4 in 35‰ NaCl solutions by using the CNT sensor.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 01 March 2012
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