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Experimental Analysis of Nanomechanics of Spherical Titanium Oxide Nanooils in Reducing Friction

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This work explores the nanomechanics of sphere titanium oxide nanooils in reducing friction between two pieces of cast iron. A friction test is performed using an ATE-77 Reciprocal Tribological Tester made by Cameron-Plint Tribology Limited, England. The friction between two pieces of cast iron was determined 25–135 °C using home-made titanium oxide nanooils. In elastohydrodynamic lubrication (EHL), the lubricant is subjected to enormous pressures, there is considerable local heating, and the assumption of constant viscosity no longer holds up. The derivation of the governing equations for elastohydrodynamic lubrication, the pressure and temperature dependence of viscosity is recognized after the lubrication thin film approximation has been made. The viscosity of the nanooils consistently exceeded that of the paraffin oil enlarging the partial EHL area with a complete lubricating film between two move iron surfaces. The spherical geometry of TiO2 nanoparticles caused them to act as a rolling medium when the machine parts move which is in the solid friction area. Because they provide a rolling function, spherical titanium oxide nanoparticles have feasible tribological and lubrication applications in the mechanical industry to reduce noise, vibration and friction wear.


Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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