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Apta-Biosensors for Nonlabeled Real Time Detection of Human IgE Based on Carbon Nanotube Field Effect Transistors

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In this study, we demonstrated the aptamer-based biosensor (apta-biosensor) using CNT-FET devices for label free detection of allergy diagnosis by IgE detection. In order to detect the IgE, two kinds of receptor (monoclonal IgE antibody and anti-IgE aptamer)-modified CNT-FET devices were fabricated. The binding event of the target IgE onto receptors was detected by monitoring the gating effect caused by the charges of the target proteins. Since the CNT-FET biosensors were used in buffer solution, it was crucial to use small-size receptors like aptamers than whole antibodies so that the charged target IgE could approach the CNT surface within the Debye length distance to give a large gating effect. The results show that CNT-FET biosensors using monoclonal IgE antibody had very low sensitivity (minimum detectable level ∼1000 ng/mL), while those based on anti-IgE aptamer could detect 50 ng/mL. Moreover, the aptamer-modified CNT-FET herein could successfully block non-target proteins and could selectively detect the target protein in an environment similar to human serum electrolyte. Therefore, aptamer-based CNT-FET devices enable the production of label-free ultrasensitive electronic biosensors to detect clinically important biomarkers for disease diagnosis.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 May 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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