Intrinsic Ferromagnetism in Nanocrystalline Mn-Doped ZnO Depending on Mn Concentration
The physical properties of Zn1−xMnxO nanoparticles synthesized by thermal decomposition are extensively investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Raman light scattering and Hysteresis measurements. XRD and XPS spectra reveal the absence of secondary phase in nanocrystalline ZnO doped with 5% or less Mn; and, later confirms that the valance state of Mn to be 2+ for all the samples. Raman spectra exhibit a peak at 660 cm−1 which we attribute to the intrinsic lattice defects of ZnO with increasing Mn concentration. Overall, our results demonstrate that ferromagnetic properties can be realized while Mn-doped ZnO obtained in the nanocrystalline form.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: April 1, 2011
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