Chemical Solution Approaches to YBa2Cu3O7−-Au Nanocomposite Superconducting Thin Films
We explore the feasibility of preparing YBa2Cu3O7-Au (YBCO-Au) nanocomposite thin films by chemical solution deposition (CSD). Two approaches were used: (i) A standard in-situ methodology where Au metallorganic salts are added into the precursor solution of YBCO trifluoroacetate (TFA) salts and (ii) a novel approach where stable colloidal solutions of preformed gold nanoparticles (5–15 nm) were homogeneously mixed with TFA-YBCO solutions. A detailed analysis of the microstructure of the films showed that in both cases, there is a strong tendency of gold nanoparticles to migrate to the film surface. However the kinetics of this migration evidences important differences and in the case of preformed nanoparticles their size remains unchanged (a few nanometers) whereas for the in-situ nanocomposites gold ripening leads to large particles (hundreds of nanometers). The grown YBCO-Au films showed good superconducting characteristics (Jc ∼ 2 MA/cm2 at 77 K) but the absence of Au inclusions inside the YBCO matrix explains the fact that no enhancement of vortex pinning was observed.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 01 April 2011
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