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The Diamond Nano-Balance

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Detecting nano-gram quantities of analyte in the liquid or gas phase is crucial for pathogen detection, antigen/DNA detection, water monitoring, electrochemical analysis, and many other bio-electrochemical applications. The quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) has become a significant sensor for both liquid and gas phase graviometry due to its high sensitivity, robustness, ease of use and simultaneous electrochemistry capabilities. One key factor plaguing the QCM in most sensor applications is the stability of the surface functionalisation. Diamond offers the most stable surface for functionalisation, the widest electrochemical window and the lowest noise floor. Unfortunately the growth of diamond on QCMs is problematic due to the low curie point of quartz, resulting in the loss of the piezoelectric properties of the QCM. In this work the replacement of the quartz with a high temperature stable piezoelectric material is proposed, and a nanocrystalline diamond coated sensor demonstrated.


Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 2009

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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