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Electrical Characterization of ZnO Single Nanowire Device for Chemical Sensor Application

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Vertically well-aligned high quality ZnO nanowires were grown on GaN epilayer on c-plane sapphire via a vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) process by introducing an Au thin film (3 nm) as a catalyst. ZnO single nanowire device was ingenuously fabricated by combining conventional optical lithography and high resolution electron beam lithography and its current–voltage characteristics were measured with doing the post process to acquire reproducible performance as a chemical gas sensor. And its temperature dependent current–voltage characteristics were measured to investigate temperature dependant electrical transport. The ZnO nanowire device showed slightly non-ohmic current–voltage characteristics which may be due to back-to-back configuration of the diodes with the insulating contact barriers and showed an relatively small activation energy of 0.2 eV. To test our device as a chemical sensor, the NO2 gas response was reported at the elevated temperature.


Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2008

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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