Stability Studies on Colloidal Suspensions of Polyurethane Nanocapsules
Generally nanocapsules suspensions are a colloidal system in a metastable state, there is aggregation due to attraction and repulsion forces between particles. The objective of this work was to bring the role of the polymeric membrane in the protection of the active drug against damaging caused by external agents and to select the monomer which leads to obtain stable formulation with the highest possible payload of the active drug. The stability testing involving visual aspect, particle size measurement, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) examination, and drug loss was conduced after 6 months of storage at different temperatures (4, 25, and 45 °C). The colloidal suspensions of nanocapsules were obtained using the combined interfacial polycondensation and spontaneous emulsification, the technique was used to encapsulate α-tocopherol using polyurethanes polymers. It is a one step procedure: An organic phase composed of a water miscible solvent (acetone), lipophilic monomer (Isophorone diisocyanate IPDI), oil, and a lipophilic surfactant, is injected in an aqueous phase containing hydrophilic monomer (diol with various molecular weight: 1,2-ethanediol (ED), 1,4-butanediol (BD), and 1,6-hexanediol (HD)) and hydrophilic emulsifying agent. The water miscible solvent diffuses to the aqueous phase, the oil precipitates as nano-droplets, and the two monomers react at the interface, forming a membrane around the nanoemulsion leading to nanocapsules. A good physical stability of suspensions corresponds to absence of symptoms such as sedimentation or agglomeration, significant size change and α-tocopherol degradation due to external agents such as oxygen, temperature, and ultraviolet (UV) irradiation. The size of nanocapsules before storage was about 232±3, 258±29, and 312±4 nm for ED, BD, and HD, respectively. After 6 months of storage, polyurethanes nanocapsules possess good stability against aggregation at 4 and 25 °C. Comparing results obtained using different monomers, it reveals that the polyurethane based on HD offers good protection of α-tocopherol against damaging caused by the temperature and UV irradiation.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: September 1, 2006
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