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Design and Characterisation of Poly(lactide-co-glycolide) Small Particulate Systems for the Delivery of Immunostimulant CpG Oligonucleotide

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The aim of this study was to develop and characterize biodegradable small particles of poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) as oral vehicle for immunostimulatory oligonucleotide (ODN-CpG). Three different polymers were used as surface stabilizing agents (SSA): polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), hydrophobically modified hydroxyethylcellulose (HMHEC), or polyethylenimine (PEI). Particle surface was characterized as well as ODN-CpG release kinetics. All particles were found to be around 1 μ. Particles of PLGA-PVA and PLGA-HMHEC were spherical in shape with a smooth surface whereas PLGA-PEI particles were porous. The presence of ODN-CpG within the particle matrix was confirmed in all particle type using scanning laser confocal microscopy. Particle surface assayed by XPS, zeta potential analysis, and evaluation of particle surface hydrophobicity suggested that a significant amount of SSA remains associated onto particle surface. Release profiles evidenced that ODN-CpG release was strongly dependent on particle surface properties. 100% of encapsulated ODN-CpG was released from PLGA-PVA and PLGA-HMHEC particles 37 days after incubation in a buffer solution, whereas only 25% were released from PLGA-PEI particles. ODN-CpG can therefore be nicely entrapped in several types of small particles displaying a prolonged and controlled release upon time. In addition, particle surface is not modified by the presence of ODN-CpG.
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Keywords: HYDROPHO- BICALLY MODIFIED HYDROXYLETHYL CELLULOSE; OLIGONUCLEOTIDE; PARTICLES; POLY VINYL ALCOHOL; POLY(LACTIDE-CO-GLYCOLIDE); POLYETHYLENEIMINE

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 September 2006

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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