Optically Active Poly(dimethylsiloxane) Elastomer Films Through Doping with Gold Nanoparticles
Poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) elastomer films synthesized through a cross-linking reaction between hydroxyl-terminated or vinyl-terminated PDMS have been homogeneously doped with silica-coated Au nanoparticles. The nanocomposite synthesis involves mixing a preformed colloid of surface-modified metal nanoparticles with the elastomer film precursors. The homogeneous distribution of nanoparticles is demonstrated through the presence of well defined plasmon absorbance bands in the visible, which clearly show that the composites retain the characteristic optical properties of single Au nanoparticles. The metal particle concentration could be easily tailored either through the amount or the concentration of the nanoparticle colloid added. Since the Au nanoparticles are not cross-linked to the polymer and the concentration of particles is relatively low, we postulate that the presence of the nanoparticles does not affect the mechanical properties of the films, though this remains to be confirmed.
Keywords: CROSS-LINKING; GOLD NANOPARTICLES; NANOCOMPOSITES; OPTICAL PROPERTIES; POLYDIMETHYLSILOXANE; SILICA-COATING; SURFACE-FUNCTIONALIZATION
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: February 1, 2006
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