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Comparing Graphene and Carbon Nanotubes as Nanoscale Current Collectors in MnO2-Based Supercapacitors

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Recently, both graphene and carbon nanotubes were shown to improve the overall performance of supercapacitors by acting as nanoscale current collector. Even though both of them are made from pure carbon, their structures are very different. How would the differences in their structures affect their roles in a supercapacitor system is a very interesting question. Here, we evaluated both materials in MnO2 based supercapacitor systems in order to answer this question. The composites of RGO/MnO2 were synthesized through a simple but effective chemical co-precipitation method and have specific surface area ∼220 m2/g. Electrochemical measurements show that the efficiency of MnO2 was greatly improved, with the specific capacitance generally higher than 300 F/g (at 10 mV/s) and 55%∼65% of the high Csp retained at 500 mV/s across a range of material ratios and mass loading densities. Compared with RGO, FWNTs was able to provide MnO2 better performance as ultra-thin film due to its higher conductivity. However, as the film goes thicker, the electrolyte ion diffusion resistivity across the composite film seems to become the major limitation and these two composites behave very similarly.
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Keywords: CARBON NANOTUBES; GRAPHENE; MNO2; SUPERCAPACITOR

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 June 2013

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  • Journal of Nano Energy and Power Research (JNEPR) covers all aspects of basic and applied research on nanoscale phenomena for energy production, conversion, storage, transmission and conservation:- nanotechnology applied to energy and power topics including solar cells, fuel cells, batteries, capacitors, energy and power storage systems:- planning, design, and implementation to achieve improved energy efficiency and sustainability (green energy):- mitigation of safety issues of conventional and unconventional Energy/Power sources.
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