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High-Order Functional Connectivity Network for Differential Diagnosis of Depression

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Resting-state functional connectivity (FC) changes dynamically and major depressive disorder (MDD) has abnormality in functional connectivity networks (FCNs), but few existing resting-state fMRI study on MDD utilizes the dynamics, especially for identifying depressive individuals from healthy controls. In this paper, we propose a methodological procedure for differential diagnosis of depression, called HN3D, which is based on high-order functional connectivity networks (HFCN). Firstly, HN3D extracts time series by independent component analysis, and partitions them into overlapped short series by sliding time window. Secondly, it constructs a FCN for each time window and concatenates correlation matrices of all FCNs to generate correlation time series. Then, correlation time series are grouped into different clusters and high-order correlations for HFCN is calculated based on their means. Finally, graph based features of HFCNs are extracted and selected for a linear discriminative classifier. Tested on 21 healthy controls and 20 MDD patients, HN3D achieved its best 100% classification accuracy, which is much higher than results based on stationary FCNs. In addition, most discriminative components of HN3D locate in default mode network and visual network, which are consistent with existing stationary-based results on depression. Though HN3D needs to be studied further, it is helpful for the differential diagnosis of depression and might have potentiality in identifying relevant biomarkers.


Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 2019

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  • Journal of Medical Imaging and Health Informatics (JMIHI) is a medium to disseminate novel experimental and theoretical research results in the field of biomedicine, biology, clinical, rehabilitation engineering, medical image processing, bio-computing, D2H2, and other health related areas.
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