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Relationship Between mir15b and Sal-Like Protein 4 and Biological Behavior of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma

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miR15b and SALL4 are involved in a variety of tumor progression. The roles of miR15b and SALL4 in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) remains unclear. The tumors and normal mucosa of OSCC patients were collected to detect miR15b and SALL4 level by Real-time PCR and analyze their correlation with OSCC clinicopathological features. Oral cancer Tca8113 cells were separated into control group; miR15b mimics group and miR15b inhibitor group followed by analysis of SALL4 expression, cell survival by MTT assay; cell invasion by Transwell chamber assay, as well as expression of N-cadherin and Vimentin and correlated with TNM stage, tumor volume and metastasis, and positively with differentiation TGF-β by Western blot. miR15b expression was decreased and SALL4 expression was increased in OSCC tumor tissues. miR15b was negatively degree (P < 0.05), whereas, opposite correlation of SALL4 with the above parameters was found (P < 0.05). miR15b and SALL4 were negatively correlated. MiR15b mimics significantly up-regulated MiR15b, decreased SALL4 expression, inhibited Tca8113 cell proliferation and invasion, as well as reduced N-cadherin, Vimentin and TGF-βexpression (P < 0.05). Opposite results were found in MiR15b inhibitor group. MiR15b expression is decreased and SALL 4 is increased in OSCC tumor tissues. MiR15b and SALL4 is closely related to OSCC clinicopathological features. MiR15b regulates the expression of EMT-related genes and TGF-β, thereby altering the proliferation and invasion of OSCC cells.

Keywords: EMT; MiR15b; Oral Cancer; SALL4; TNM Staging

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Stomatology, Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College, Nanchong, 637000, China 2: Department of Burn and Plastic Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College, Nanchong, 637000, China 3: Department of Stomatology, The People’s Hospital of Deyang, Deyang, 618400, China

Publication date: February 1, 2021

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  • Journal of Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering (JBT) is an international peer-reviewed journal that covers all aspects of biomaterials, tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. The journal focuses on the broad spectrum of research topics including all types of biomaterials, their properties, bioimplants and medical devices, biofilms, bioimaging, BioMEMS/NEMS, biosensors, fibers, tissue scaffolds, tissue engineering and modeling, artificial organs, tissue interfaces, interactions between biomaterials, blood, cells, tissues, and organs, regenerative medicine and clinical performance.
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