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Aptamer-Based Electrochemical Biosensor for Mercury Ions Detection Using AuNPs-Modified Glass Carbon Electrode

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A mercury ion aptamer electrochemical biosensor based on a Thymine-Hg2+-Thymine (T-Hg2+-T) structure has been constructed and successfully used to detect mercury ions in tap water samples. The aptamer electrochemical biosensor was assembled using a mercury ion aptamer-functionalized AuNPs-modified glass carbon electrode (aptamer/(AuNPs/CS)2/GCE) capable of specifically detecting mercury ions through a T-Hg2+-T structure. The experimental results indicated the optimum electrochemical performance of the prepared aptamer biosensor when the (AuNPs/CS)2/GCE surface was modified with 1.0 μM aptamer and incubated with Hg2+ for 60 min. Moreover, the aptamer biosensor exhibits a good linear relationship between the logarithm of the Hg2+ concentration and the DPV peak current in the range from 0.01 to 500 nM following the linearization equation Ip (μA) = 2.59902 + 0.2097logC (R 2 = 0.9994) with a limit of detection as low as 0.005 nM. Therefore, the constructed aptamer biosensor provides a simple and sensitive approach for Hg2+ detection in aqueous solution with promising application for trace Hg2+ detection in real samples.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2018

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  • Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology (JBN) is a peer-reviewed multidisciplinary journal providing broad coverage in all research areas focused on the applications of nanotechnology in medicine, drug delivery systems, infectious disease, biomedical sciences, biotechnology, and all other related fields of life sciences.
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