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A New Modality for Cancer Treatment—Nanoparticle Mediated Microwave Induced Photodynamic Therapy

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Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has attracted ever-growing attention as a promising modality for cancer treatment. However, due to poor tissue penetration by light, photodynamic therapy has rarely been used for deeply situated tumors. This problem can be solved if photosensitizers are activated by microwaves (MW) that are able to penetrate deeply into tissues. Here, for the first time, we report microwave-induced photodynamic therapy and exploit copper cysteamine nanoparticles as a new type of photosensitizer that can be activated by microwaves to produce singlet oxygen for cancer treatment. Both in vitro and in vivo studies on a rat osteosarcoma cell line (UMR 106-01) have shown significant cell destruction using copper cysteamine (Cu-Cy) under microwave activation. The heating effects and the release of copper ions from Cu-Cy upon MW stimulation are the main mechanisms for the generation of reactive oxygen species that are lethal bullets for cancer destruction. The copper cysteamine nanoparticle-based microwave-induced photodynamic therapy opens a new door for treating cancer and other diseases.
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Keywords: CANCER; COPPER CYSTEAMINE; MICROWAVE; NANOPARTICLES; PHOTODYNAMIC THERAPY; SINGLET OXYGEN

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 2016

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  • Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology (JBN) is a peer-reviewed multidisciplinary journal providing broad coverage in all research areas focused on the applications of nanotechnology in medicine, drug delivery systems, infectious disease, biomedical sciences, biotechnology, and all other related fields of life sciences.
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