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In Vitro and In Vivo Therapeutic Evaluation of Camptothecin-Encapsulated β-Cyclodextrin Nanosponges in Prostate Cancer

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Camptothecin (CPT), a pentacyclic alkaloid, is an inhibitor of DNA Topoisomerase-I and shows a wide spectrum of anticancer activities. The use of CPT has been hampered by poor aqueous solubility and a high degradation rate. Previously, it has been reported that CPT encapsulated in β-cyclodextrin-nanosponges (CN-CPT) overcomes these disadvantages and improves the CPT's inhibitory effect on DU145 prostate tumor cell lines, and PC-3 growth in vitro. This work extends these observations by showing that CN-CPT significantly inhibits the adhesion and migration of these tumor cells and their STAT3 phosphorylation. The anti-adhesive effect is exerted also in human endothelial cells, in which CN-CPT also inhibits the angiogenic activity as assessed by the tubulogenesis and sprouting assays. Finally, CN-CPT substantially delays the growth of PC-3 cell engraftment in SCID mice in vivo without apparent toxic effects. These results support the use of β-cyclodextrin nanosponge nanotechnology as a potential nanocarrier for delivery of anticancer drugs in the treatment of prostate cancers.
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Keywords: ADHESION AND MIGRATION; CAMPTOTHECIN; IN VIVO ACTIVITY; PROSTATE CANCER; β-CYCLODEXTRIN-NANOSPONGES

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2016

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  • Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology (JBN) is a peer-reviewed multidisciplinary journal providing broad coverage in all research areas focused on the applications of nanotechnology in medicine, drug delivery systems, infectious disease, biomedical sciences, biotechnology, and all other related fields of life sciences.
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